A playful electronics
chameleon that lights up
in the dark
We've collaborated with Eurocircuits to manufacture this unique two-tone circuit board that transitions from blue to green. When The Gent's 'eye' (a phototransistor) is pointed towards a light the five LEDs are off. As soon as light is blocked from The Gent's view it gracefully shows its colours.
A phototransistor acts as a light detector; conducting when it 'sees' light. When there is light pointing at the phototransistor, the MOSFET is off, which means that the LEDs are also off. When there's darkness, the MOSFET's gate is pulled 'high' and turned on causing the five LEDs to turn on as well.
Here is a list of components that come with the kit
- x1 DPDT slide switch, C&K JS202011SCQN
- x1 5mm phototransistor, Kingbright PT333-3C
- x3 Green 5mm LED, Kingbright L-9294CGCK
- x2 Orange 5mm LED, Kingbright L-9294SECK
- x1 CR2032 battery clip, Multicomp BC-2001
- x1 N-channel MOSFET, Fairchild 2N7000
- x8 390Ω through-hole resistor, Multicomp MCF 0.25W 10K
- x1 820Ω through-hole resistor, Multicomp MF25 820R
- x1 10KΩ through-hole resistor, Multicomp MF25 390R
Note: The Gent isn't perfect :-/ See 'REWORK' section below.
Assembly of the kit is relatively straightforward using the assembly guide. Below are a few things to note.
The kit includes five LEDs; three green and two orange. without being powered they look the same. Try to figure out the colour of the LED before soldering it, but make sure not to burn them with excessive current. If you have one, our LIGEMDIO project is perfect for this :)
The 'legs' are a part of the circuit. Don't let the leads between the board and the resistors' bodies touch.
There is a small amount of current flowing through the circuit even when the LEDs are off (about 300µA). We recommend that you switch off the circuit when it is not in use to avoid battery waste.
Solder the battery holder last, as this makes soldering the other components easier. Also make sure that the battery holder's metal body doesn't touch any of the circuit contacts or components.
The Gent is an open source design, as is most of our work. You can find the design files for the hardware and packaging at our GitHub repository. You can edit the design files using our own PCB design open source software, PCBmodE.
The project was a collaboration with Eurocircuit for manufacturing. We are grateful for their support in prototype and production manufacturing of these unique circuits.
Unfortunately, despite best efforts sometimes a circuit board doesn't come out perfect. Our The Gent has a fault: the battery holder's positive terminals may be shorted to the power plane through exposed copper around the two swirly side contacts of the holder.
A good solution is to use a bit of Kapton tape to cover the exposed bits that are meant to be covered by soldermask and then solder the battery holder as normal. Perhaps more immediately practical is to cut the battery holder using strong wire cutters so that its positive terminals avoid the problematic areas and then carefully apply solder. One can also try to carefully cut out the unwanted exposed bits so that they are no longer connected to the power plane. Finally, one could simply eject the battery when the board is not in use.